Aristotle divides tragedy into six different parts, ranking them in order from most important to least important as follows: A hero accepts his responsibility and his error of judgement. However, he soon finds out that his expectations are not fulfilled but rather reversed. Dramatic poetry is itself divided into tragic or comic based on the objects of imitation.
Hence the incidents and the plot are the end of the tragedy; and the end is the chief thing of all. Epic poetry and dramatic poetry differs based on imitation way. The plot is intended to illustrate matters of cosmic rather than individual significance, and the protagonist is viewed primarily as the character who experiences the changes that take place.
It is the language that gives us the thoughts and feelings of the characters. Objects Plot Emphasizing that tragedy is first and foremost the representation of actions, and not of characters, Aristotle makes the remark that many contemporary tragedies do not succeed in their characterizations, but are still tragedies.
This stress placed by the Greek tragedians on the development of plot and action at the expense of character, and their general lack of interest in exploring psychological motivation, is one of the major differences between ancient and modern drama.
The way these incidents are structured into a coherent whole is known as the plot. It should be long enough to allow the change from happiness to misery, but not too long to be forgotten before the end. He traces a brief and speculative history of tragedy as it evolved from dithyrambic hymns in praise of the god Dionysus.
Completeness refers to the necessity of a tragedy to have a beginning, middle, and end. The Elements of Tragedy Aristotle presents these components in order of importance, expanding a little on the significance of each to the tragedy as a whole.
The plot, then, is the first principle, and, as it were, the soul of a tragedy: In the best kind of plot, one character narrowly avoids killing a family member unwittingly thanks to an anagnorisis that reveals the family connection.
Most of the Poetics is devoted to analysis of the scope and proper use of these elements, with illustrative examples selected from many tragic dramas, especially those of Sophocles, although Aeschylus, Euripides, and some playwrights whose works no longer survive are also cited.
They introduced the events should be expected in the circumstances. Our pity and fear is aroused most when it is family members who harm one another rather than enemies or strangers.
Particularly significant is his statement that the plot is the most important element of tragedy: Aristotle regards the plot as the soul of a tragedy. Third, it must have seemed. They introduced the events should be expected in the circumstances. Mode Spectacle Aristotle lists spectacle last in order of importance, pointing out that the power of tragedy is not fully dependent upon its performance we can read a tragedy and still appreciate its messageand that the art of the spectacle really belongs to the set designer and not to the poet.
Two of these parts relate to the medium of imitation, one to the manner of imitation, and three to the object of imitation. They are not just external factual components of plot but something that defines the character portrayal of the hero.
Verse and song beautify and give pleasure.
The remainder of the Poetics is given over to examination of the other elements of tragedy and to discussion of various techniques, devices, and stylistic principles. It is true that the hero frequently takes a step that initiates the events of the tragedy and, owing to his own ignorance or poor judgment, acts in such a way as to bring about his own downfall.
Aristotle knew only Greek tragedy. In fact, he heaped upon himself damnation by repeating his error over and over.Aug 11, · A Shakespearean tragedy is a play penned by Shakespeare himself, or a play written in the style of Shakespeare by a different author.
Shakespearean tragedy has got its own specific features, which distinguish it from other kinds of agronumericus.coms: According to Aristotle, tragedy has six main elements: plot, character, diction, thought, spectacle (scenic effect), and song (music), of which the first two are primary.
Several of Aristotle's main points are of great value for an understanding of Greek tragic drama. Aristotle's concept of Greek tragedy. Aristotle's concept of tragedy 1.
and through scenes of pity and fear In a tragedy, the events or episodes in the play should lead the audience to feel very sorry for the main character—the tragic hero.
The audience should also feel afraid for the hero as he moves toward a destructive end. Aristotle’s Concept of Tragedy Applied to Hamlet Aristotle’s concept of a well written tragedy is that it is “ an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude, in language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament, the several kinds being found in separate parts of the play, the form of action, not.
Following his definition, Aristotle begins to introduce the six constitutive components of a tragedy. The first in the discussion is spectacle, which includes the costuming of the actors, the scenery, and all other aspects that contribute to the visual experience of the play.
Literary Theory and Criticism.
Literary Theory and Criticism; Unit1: Plato and Aristotle; Aristotle’s Concept of Tragedy But spectacle also includes scenes of physical torture, loud lamentations, dances, colourful garments of the main characters, and the beggarly or jocular appearance of the subordinate characters or of the fool.Download