Further, during election campaigns the campaigning activity of parties tends to focus on marginal seats where there is a prospect of a change in representation, leaving safer areas excluded from participation in an active campaign. Whoever has the most votes at the end of the process wins. Once members have been individually elected, the party with the most seats in Parliament, regardless of whether or not it has a majority, normally becomes the next government.
A mandate is often claimed by a political party if their party wins a majority of seats. It has produced strong and stable governments in Germany but not single party governments Each elector has at least one effective vote.
For that reason, scholarly work surrounding alternatives to electoral politics or ideologies in opposition to voting are either fairly limited or not legitimatized by accepted studies or empirical work. Voters simply vote for the party, they have no say as to which candidates are elected.
Each voter has two votes, one vote for a single MP via First-Past-The-Post, and one for a regional or national party list. However, the counter argument to this is that if so many of the British people voted for the BNP then they should not be marginalised and their votes should manifest themselves in UK governance.
This suggests there is an effective use of conversion of seats due to the fusion of the two electoral systems. However, voters have also noted that they are happy to be able to contact a representative whose political views more closely resemble their own. Referendums have often been argued to deal with issues that the public have no interest in; referendums that are duly rejected are often due to the lack of advantages that the referendum presents.
Such behaviour is difficult to measure objectively. They may use as many or as few votes as they wish. Inthe average number of votes per MP elected was: However, STV could be seen to be too complicated. Several variants of Additional Member Systems have been proposed, but basically they are a combination of the First-Past-The-Post system and party list voting.
Displacement of creative citizenship[ edit ] For several scholars who oppose the electoral system, the existence of democratic deficient organizations that do not aid in fulfilling the participatory conditions of representative democracy is a driving factor in their criticism. Putting the power in the hands of the voters.
Voters get two votes; one for constituency elected through FPTP and one for a party through regional list. Voters are not required to make a second choice if they do not wish to.
The Alternative Vote referendum proved that the rejection of AV was due to the dissatisfaction from the electorate towards Nick Clegg who had pushed for the referendum, as a result of his party defying the terms of his manifesto and agreeing to tuition fees. Upholding legitimacy — elections play a crucial role in maintaining legitimacy.
Tony Blairdefending FPTP, argued that other systems give small parties the balance of power, and influence disproportionate to their votes.
Others have stated that the commitment to PR for the Scottish Parliament can be traced back to the convention on the proposed new assembly ina time when Labour were worried they could never win another election under FPTP. A closed list system can allow parties to select candidates from minorities and relatively under-represented groups ie women.
Libertarian[ edit ] Anarchists and some other libertarians typically argue against the legitimacy of political representation although most libertarians accept the concept of delegation.
Even though FPTP favours the two main parties by allowing them to win more seats than their percentage of the vote warrants, they are still losing seats to third, fourth and fifth parties the Lib Dems; the nationalist parties, particularly in Scotland; UKIP, and even the Greens.
In general elections the party that receives an absolute majority or, failing that, more seats than any other party, is expected to form a government. Furthermore, these two systems are often criticised for their tendency towards supporting only the two main parties, that are given too much power.
Representative democracy has been able to flourish in recent years as elected individuals who make decisions are arguably more knowledgeable than the electorate themselves.
This winner-takes-all system may be one of the reasons why "voter participation tends to be lower in countries with FPTP than elsewhere. For example, in the general election the BNP won just over half a million votes, which in a PR system could result in a very large number of seats, giving the BNP a possibility of forming part of a coalition government and therefore of having a significant part of governing.
Electors can vote for their first choice of candidate without the fear of wasting their vote. It ensures that citizens recognise that they have an obligation to obey the law and respect their system of government. The voters elected representatives from both sides of the community in every constituency.
A system such as FPTP tends to favour the larger parties because it is easier for them to achieve the plurality of votes needed to win in each constituency area. This is more effective than a direct democracy, as the actions of the public are not held to account at all.
Referendums often deal with issues that are too complex for the electorate to understand. And so it has proved.Open Document. Below is an essay on "1) Assess the Criticisms of the Various Electoral Systems Used Within the Uk (25 Marks)" from Anti Essays, your source.
There are numerous widespread criticisms of electoral systems in the UK, such as some systems such as FPTP and AV’s clear disproportionality and voter wastage, as well as the tendency towards a two party system which give the established parties too much power.
25 mark question: Assess the criticisms of the various electoral systems used in the UK At the moment there are five different electoral systems that are used within the.
Electoral Systems in the UK There are two main types of electoral system in the UK: First Past the Post (FPTP) & Proportional Representation (PR) First Past the Post (FPTP); FPTP is the voting system used for the election of MPs to 'seats' in the UK Parliament.
There are a number of criticisms which can be alleged against the various electoral systems which are used in the UK some of these are: The first past the post system (FPTP) has been alleged not to provide an accurate.
FPTP is a common, but not universal, feature of electoral systems with single-member electoral divisions, and is practiced in close to one third of countries.
Notable examples include Canada, India, the United Kingdom, and the United States, as well as most of their current or former colonies and protectorates.Download